The performance of each of the six types of dairy products in terms of imports and exports by South Africa differ, and the performance of the same products differs from year to year.  Also, the performance of the total imports and exports of dairy products by South Africa differs from year to year.

The information regarding imports and exports of dairy products by South Africa in 2016 shows that:

  • The mass of exports in 2016 was 17.3%lower than in 2015 and the fourth highest in the 15 years from 2002 to 2016;
  • The mass of imports in 2016 was 16.4%lower than the record high imports in 2015 and the third highest in the 15 years from 2002 to 2016;
  • The exposure to foreign competition, through imports and exports was lower than in 2015, 2014 and 2012 and the fourth highest in the 15 years from 2002 to 2016;
  • South Africa was, in terms of mass, a net exporter of two and a net importer of four of the six types of dairy products as was the case in five of the previous eight years (See Table 2 and Table 3 of Annexure A).

According to the estimated import and export figures of dairy products in 2017:

  • The mass of export is 7.0%lower than in 2016 and 23.7%lower than in 2015;
  • The mass of import is 47.4%higher than in 2016 and 22.7%higher than in 2015, which was the highest import in the years 2002 to 2016. This increase in the mass of imports of dairy products is mainly the result of higher imports of milk and cream (04.01) and concentrated milk (04.02);
  • The exposure to foreign competition is 21.8%higher than in 2016 and 0.9%higher than in 2015, which was the highest in the years 2002 to 2016;
  • South Africa will be, in terms of mass, a net exporter of one of the six types of dairy products namely, buttermilk and yoghurt;
  • South Africa will be, in terms of mass, for the second time in the 11 years from 2007 to 2017, a net importer of milk and cream;
  • The imports of two of the six dairy products, namely milk and cream (04.01) and buttermilk and yoghurt (04.03) will be on record high levels. – SAMPRO

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