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The numbers recently released by Statistics SA show that in the first quarter (Q1) of 2022, agriculture gross value-added (GVA) grew by 0,8% quarter-on-quarter (q/q) (seasonally adjusted). We believe that this quarterly growth is a result of improved activity in the horticultural industry and some field crops such as soya beans and sunflower seeds, among others.
While the 2021/22 agricultural production season started on a downbeat footing, with excessive rain damaging some crop and vegetable fields, a breather from mid-January allowed for replanting and recovery in some fields. In addition to these improvements, we have had a decent deciduous fruit harvest. Moreover, there are expectations of a large citrus harvest.
Nevertheless, South Africa’s agriculture quarterly GVA figures tend to be quite volatile. Hence our recent communication focussed on the annual performance. We expect a mild contraction of between 3 to 5% year-on-year (y/y) in 2022. This will mainly be on the back of a decline in some field crop harvests, combined with the base effects after two years of solid growth where the sector expanded by 14,9% y/y in 2020 and 8,8% y/y in 2021 (revised figures).
By field crops, we are not only referring to summer grains but also sugar cane, which experienced sizable damage from the heavy floods in KwaZulu-Natal. This impact will likely show in the second quarter data. Moreover, the livestock subsector, which accounts for a substantial share of South Africa’s agricultural GVA also faces numerous challenges this year, such as rising feed costs and the outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease, which has led to an export ban to various markets.
Read more about agriculture as key driver in economic growth here.
A look to the future of agriculture
Overall, while we are downbeat about South Africa’s agricultural growth prospects this year, this sector still has potential for growth in the coming years. Notably, this year’s possible underperformance does not mean that the sector is in bad shape per se. The output in a range of commodities is well above the long-term levels, which speaks to the exceptional performance of the past two years rather than the current production conditions.
From a policy position, the sector recently launched the Agriculture and Agro-Processing Master Plan to drive long-term inclusive growth and help unlock barriers that currently constrain performance. Some of the barriers require collaboration with the line departments, specifically the need to boost the efficiency of municipalities and the much-needed network industries, mainly the roads, rail, ports, water and electricity. – Press release, Agbiz