Researchers have identified the molecule that attracts the insect that transmits citrus greening disease. This development is expected to help farmers control citrus greening. Citrus greening, or Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus is incurable and one of the most serious citrus plant diseases in the world. The infected trees produce fruits that are green, misshapen and bitter, unsuitable for sale as fresh fruit or for juice.
The molecule was discovered by Fundo de Defesa da Citricultura (Fundecitrus), a research centre sponsored by farmers and orange juice producers in Brazil. After this recent discovery, the next step will be to synthesize the pheromone from the molecule and create a product that will work as a trap to attract and neutralize the insect. The first commercial solution should be available to farmers within a year. –Reuters